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Yacine BAOUCH

Published on August 4, 2016
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PhD Defense July 1, 2016

Taking local knowledge into account to improve ecodesign approaches

Baouch_Yacine.jpg

Baouch_Yacine.jpg

Summary:

In an ecodesign process, designers try to reduce the environmental impact of the product while keeping the usual objectives of competitiveness, quality, and time to market. In a highly competitive context, companies require support to easily and strongly integrate the environment, while, at the same time, keeping a real long term perspective. The originality of this thesis is that it addresses this challenge through knowledge, and thus stakeholder, perspective. We demonstrate how a lack of local knowledge can affect the integration of environmental concerns into the design process. That is why we propose a three step answer to improve the ecodesign approach: (1) K2stor methodology highlights failures linked to a need of local knowledge, (2) K2afé approach creates a social interaction situation between the stakeholders to construct target knowledge and (3) K2alligraphie is a formalism developed to facilitate the sharing of Life Cycle Analysis reasoning between its users. These three proposals have been tested in an industrial context and through observations. The analysis of the usage of these three propositions lead us to confirm their efficiency. Finally, an ecodesign knowledge platform is outlined.

Members of the jury :
  • Mme Nadège TROUSSIER, Professor, Université de Technolgie de Troyes, FR (Rapporteur)
  • Mme Virginie GOEPP, Assistant Professor, INSA Strasbourg, FR (Rapporteur)
  • M Wilson KINDLEIN Junior, Professor, Université Fédérale de Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS, Brésil (Examinateur)
  • M Daniel BRISSAUD, Professor, Université de Grenoble, Director of Thesis
  • M Franck POURROY, Assistant Professor, Université de Grenoble, co-director
  • Mme Peggy Zwolinski, Professor, Université de Grenoble, co-director
Key words: Eco Design, Local knowledge, Knowledge building, Integrated design, Collaborative design, Life cycle analysis



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Written by Serge Tichkiewitch

Date of update August 4, 2016

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